Austrian writer Peter Handke’s Nobel Prize in Literature win on Thursday sparked outrage in Albania, Bosnia and Kosovo, where he is widely seen as an admirer of former Serbian president Slobodan Milosevic.
In the 1990s, Handke emerged as a vocal defender of the Serbs during the bloody collapse of the former Yugoslavia, even comparing them to Jews under the Nazis, a remark he later retracted.
His 1996 travelogue, A Journey to the Rivers: Justice for Serbia, caused a storm and in 1999 he returned Germany’s prestigious Buechner prize in protest at NATO’s bombing of Belgrade.
“Never thought would feel to vomit because of a Nobel Prize,” Albanian Prime Minister Edi Rama wrote on Twitter. “Given disgraceful choice made from a moral authority like the Nobel Academy, shame is sealed as a new value. No, we can’t become so numb to racism and genocide.”
The Muslim member of Bosnia’s joint presidency, Sefik Dzaferovic, labeled the decision to award Handke the award “scandalous and shameful.”
“It is shameful that the Nobel Prize committee easily neglected the fact that Handke was justifying and protecting Slobodan Milosevic and his executors [former Bosnian Serb leader] Radovan Karadzic and [military chief] Ratko Mladic sentenced by a UN court … for the most severe war crimes including genocide,” he said in a statement.
By awarding Handke the committee had “completely lost its moral compass,” Dzaferovic added.
Bosnian actor Nermin Tulic, who was seriously injured during the 1992 to 1995 siege of Sarajevo by Bosnian Serb forces, greeted the award by tweeting an emoticon of a smiley vomiting.
Former Bosnian lawmaker Reuf Bajrovic said he could not understand that a jury thought that “Handke is a great writer and that his support to Slobo [Milosevic] and genocide makes part of his work great.”
Emir Suljagic, a survivor of the massacre of more than 8,000 Muslim males from Srebrenica by the Bosnian Serbs, echoed him.
“A Milosevic fan and notorious genocide-denier gets Nobel prize in literature … What a time to be alive,” Sarajevo-based professor of international relations Suljagic tweeted.
The 1995 Srebrenica massacre, the worst atrocity in Europe since World War II, was deemed genocide by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia.
The reaction was similar in Kosovo, which was devastated by the 1998 to 1999 war between Serb forces and pro-independence Albanian guerillas.
“The decision of Nobel Prize brought immense pain to countless victims,” Kosovan President Hashim Thaci wrote on Twitter.
“Milosevic’s supporter and denier of Serbian genocide receives the Nobel Literature Prize,” the Koha Ditore newspaper said.
At the 2006 funeral of Milosevic — who died while on trial for crimes against humanity and who wanted Handke to testify in his defense — the writer made a speech in front of the mourners.
Some stood up for Handke — including Nobel-winning compatriot Elfriede Jelinek — but many others, from Susan Sontag to Salman Rushdie, lined up to criticize him.